References

Organizations & Projects
The Appropriate Technology Collaborative
D-Lab @ MIT
DSchool @ Stanford
IDE
Kickstart
Little Devices
Design That Matters
Principled Design
T4D
Appropriate Infrastructure Development Group (AIDG)
The-Labs
National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance (NCIIA)
Engineers Without Borders
Architecture for Humanity
Habitat for Humanity
International Development Design Summit
Rapid FTR
Sun Transfer
Mater Nova

Repositories
Appropedia
HowToPedia

Studies & Articles
The Genius of the Tinkerer
Diffusion of Innovation in Low Income Countries (DILIC) – Impact of Technology Transfer in and to Low Income Countries

Talks
Timothy Prestero: Design for people, not awards
Jane Chen: A warm embrace that saves lives
Amy Smith shares simple, lifesaving design
Vinay Venkatraman: “Technology crafts” for the digitally underserved

Bookshelf
The Information
Technological Disobedience
Out of Poverty – What Works When Traditional Approaches Fail
Appropriate Technology Magazine
Communication Theory/Diffusion of Innovations
Living Economies Forum
Small is Beautiful
Gaviotas
Mountains Beyond Mountains
Robert Chambers
Andre Gunder Frank

Methodology
Participant Observation
Training Manual in Development Anthropology

Relevant Cases
“In the year following the 2004 tsunami, the Indonesian city of Meulaboh received eight neonatal incubators from international relief organizations. Several years later, when an MIT fellow named Timothy Prestero visited the local hospital, all eight were out of order, the victim of power surges and tropical humidity, along with the hospital staff’s inability to read the English repair manual.

Mr. Prestero and the organization he cofounded, Design That Matters, had been working for several years on a more reliable, and less expensive, incubator for the developing world. In 2008, they introduced a prototype called the NeoNurture. It looked like a streamlined modern incubator, but its guts were automotive. Sealed-beam headlights supplied the crucial warmth; dashboard fans provided filtered air circulation; door chimes sounded alarms. You could power the device with an adapted cigarette lighter or a standard-issue motorcycle battery. Building the NeoNurture out of car parts was doubly efficient, because it tapped both the local supply of parts and the local knowledge of automobile repair. You didn’t have to be a trained medical technician to fix the NeoNurture; you just needed to know how to replace a broken headlight.”The Genius of the Tinkerer